Articles and Topics
Developmental Checklist: 4-5 Years

Remember that all children are individuals and develop at their own pace. This checklist should be used only to get a general sense for where your child is or where he is heading. If you have any concerns about your child's development, consult with your physician.

Physical Development

  • Climbs ladders and trees
  • Hops forward on one foot
  • Walks down stairs alternating feet
  • Jumps from low height with both feet together
  • Enjoys twirling, swinging, somersaulting
  • Performs U-turns on tricycle/bicycle
  • Buttons clothes
  • Laces shoes
  • Copies a square
  • Copies a triangle
  • Draws human face and body

Intellectual Development

  • Counts 10 objects
  • Counts to 30 by memory
  • Explains action taking place in picture
  • Identifies various coins
  • Understands difference between fantasy and reality
  • Understands concepts of size (biggest, longest, etc.) and of spatial relations (back and front, up and down, etc.)
  • Understands sense of time
  • Constantly asks Why? When? How?
  • May enjoy telling violent stories

Social And Emotional Development

  • Talks about what he did that day
  • May feel rivalry with same-sex parent
  • Increases interest in TV
  • Uses bad language heard from peers
  • Enjoys outdoor play and making crafts
  • Follows game rules with other children

Language Development

  • Uses action verbs, plurals, and past-tense when speaking
  • Vocabulary explodes to 2,000 words
Dr. Bettye M. Caldwell Ph.D. Professor of Pediatrics in Child Development and Education